Author Archives: enform

How To Encourage Wildlife Into A Suburban Garden

Image by Antranias CC0

Image by Antranias CC0

Guest post by Ruth Bradshaw*

Encouraging wildlife into a suburban garden can be tricky, especially when space is at a premium. Here’s are some simple things you can do to make your garden more appealing to wildlife.

Keep out the toxins!

Harmful ingredients can be found in weed killers, pesticides and slug pellets as well other shop bought ‘garden remedies’ Read the label if you aren’t sure!

  • Use crushed eggshells to deter the slugs from your seedlings and small or extra tasty plants.
  • Spray plants with a diluted natural homemade insect repellent instead of chemically laden readily available pesticides. Here is a simple recipe: dilute 1/100 tea tree, rosemary and citronella in water.
  • Regularly check plants for caterpillars and other bugs, pick them off by hand.

Create sheltered ‘wilder’ areas

Wild areas are a chance for native plants to grow, leaves to gather and for little nooks and crannies to naturally form where insects love to live.

  • Stack up old timber, encourage leaves to gather around it and create a space that insects and small mammals can forage in and shelter from the elements.
  • You could even add a bee or insect hotel to your borders.
  • Put up a nesting box for birds to rear their young.

en-form insights: Colchester Zoo has an excellent How To if you want to make your own Insect Hotel.

Hang bird feeders in the trees

If you have cats then please don’t do this! Your aim is to support the local bird population, not to expose it to danger.

  • Fat balls and stuffed coconuts are great through the winter and seed feeders and bird tables are great for the rest of the year round.
  • Consider putting in a pond or small bird bath. It is fun to watch the wildlife and if you are lucky enough to get tadpoles, to watch them grow.

Plant for the local wildlife

It is important to plant for local wildlife so choose native plants that suit your soil and local climate.

  • Choose flowers and scented plants for the insects to come and feed on, especially the bees.
  • Plant a tree or grow a hedge for wildlife to shelter in.

Support local wildlife initiatives

Sign up to a local conservation initiative near you or support one of the national initiatives such as RSPB who have some great tips on their website here. Whatever you do, no matter how tiny your outdoor space you really can have and make a difference to our native wildlife so do go out there and get wild!

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

Author Bio

Ruth Bradshaw  is the owner of complimentary therapy business Talk To All Animals, based in Colchester. She is super passionate about making a difference to animal and human relationships and quality of life, and has been an advocate for animals since she was a small child. Ruth is interested in environmental and bio-diversity issues, and likes to do her bit from recycling to using a compost bin in the garden; however small a difference – she is making one.

You can find Ruth on: Website: Instagram: @RuthyDoolittle Facebook: @RuthyDoolittle


How Does The UK Compare To The Rest Of The World For Recycling?

Recycling In Egypt Image by imordaf CC0

Recycling In Egypt Image by imordaf CC0

Guest post by Dean Willshee*

After last year’s disappointing recycling statistics were released, showing that the UK’s recycling rate had actually fallen between the 2014/15 period and the 2015/16 period, it is important to put it into perspective. The period of 2000 to 2017 has been one of significant growth for UK recycling rates. The UK is the 16th in the world in terms of recycling, with a recycling rate of 43.5%.

Comparison with other European countries

The UK has seen one of the largest increases in recycling rates over the period of 2004 to 2014 out of all of the European countries. In 2004, we were recycling 23% of all of our waste and in 2014 this had almost doubled to 44%. The country that saw the biggest increase was Lithunia, which saw its recycling rate increase from 2% in 2004 to 30% in 2014.

The best performing country in Europe and the world as a whole is Germany which, in 2015 recycled 66.1% of its entire waste, a very impressive feat and one that the UK should be aiming for.

Comparison with the rest of the world

The UK comes 16th in terms of world recycling rates, but incredibly, Wales by itself is 3rd, sitting behind only Singapore and Germany. Outside of Europe, the country with the highest recycling rate is Singapore, which recycles 60.6% of its waste. Several major world powers are much further down the list, with the US in 25th place – a recycling rate of 34.6%. Russia, China and India do not appear in the top 25.

The publication of Waste Strategy 2000

This was the UK’s first big push for recycling. The targets set out in WS2000 were bold, but they offered the UK some concrete goals to aspire to. For example, there were aims to be recycling 40% of municipal waste by 2005 (the actual figure for 2005 was 26.7%), 45% by 2010 (the actual figure was 40.2%), 67% by 2015 (actual figure: 43.5%).

The WS2000 was a direct result of EU recycling directives. The 1999 Landfill Directive demanded a reduction in the amount of waste being dumped in landfills from 11.2 million tonnes in 2010 to 7.46 million.

If you split up the UK, the progress that Wales has made is absolutely stunning. By itself, Wales is recycling 62% of its waste and is considering setting a new 80% target. Scotland is slightly higher than the UK, with 44.2%, whereas England’s is 42.4% and Northern Ireland’s is 41.8%. The incredible progress made by Wales is a direct result of the devolved government’s Towards Zero Waste policy in 2010.

The national league table

We might not be on top of the world, but this list shows which local authorities are doing their part to push the UK up the rankings. It shows the top 10 local authorities in the UK for waste recycling in 2015/16. Check where your local authority ranks.

Rank       Local Authority                   Recycling, Reuse and Composting Rates

1               South Oxfordshire District Council           66.6%

2               East Riding of Yorkshire Council                66.1%

3               Rochford District Council                            66%

4               Vale of White Horse District Council         64.8%

5               Surrey Heath Borough Council                  62.1%

6               West Oxfordshire District Council             60.8%

7               Stratford-on-Avon District Council             60.4%

8               Trafford MBC                                                 60.4%

9               Three Rivers District Council                        59.4%

10            Stockport MBC                                               59.4%


As you can see, the UK certainly has room for improvement when it comes to recycling, but the improvement over the last ten to fifteen years is promising. Hopefully, the fall last year is merely an anomaly in a period of growth. Luckily, the rest of the UK has a nearby role model in Wales to look to if we require inspiration.

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.


Author Bio

Dean Willshee runs Willshee’s Skip Hire, an eco-conscious company based in Burton. The company has a dedicated onsite recycling facility with a zero landfill policy which ensures that as much as possible can be put to new use.


Pros and Cons of the Top Off-Grid Energy Sources

Image by elljay CC0

Image by elljay CC0


Guest post by Emma Metson*

Off-grid energy sources are those that are not connected to the electricity grid. They’re also called stand-alone power systems which generate electricity using renewables. Perfect examples of renewables are hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass.

According to the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, nearly a third of the UK’s electricity between April and June was generated from renewable sources. This was a new record compared to last year at around the same period.

Accenture’s research, on the other hand, predicted that 11% of Europe would become off-grid by 2035. It may not look like much, but that’s a huge progress and a milestone in itself. That is considering how much we’ve depended on coals and fossil fuel since the industrial revolution.

Of course, only time and innovations in technologies used to generate power from these sources will decide if the prediction will come true.

Here’s a rundown of the pros and cons of the top, most popular off-grid energy sources offer.

Solar Power

Without a doubt, the energy that we get from the sun is one of the cleanest, most sustainable, and most renewable sources that we can ever find. This energy supply is so abundant that one hours worth of the sun’s energy can supply the whole requirement of the planet.

Unfortunately, we’re only able to harness .001% of this energy. A big part of the reason why this is the case is the cost that’s involved in installing solar panels, rendering it unreliable. However, these obstacles have already been surpassed in recent years.

If you’re looking to go off-grid through solar, you’d probably have to invest at least £5,000 if you have a household of at least three people. That’s a lot of money but consider this: in 2010, buying a solar system that can power the whole house would have cost you at least £15,000.

As you can see, we’re headed in the right direction to making solar more accessible.


  • It a great source of renewable energy.
  • Solar can significantly reduce utilities and in some cases, removes your dependence on mains as your power source.
  • Low maintenance.
  • Can be used for different applications.
  • Bound for further technological improvements which means you can expect more from solar power in the future.


  • The initial investment is still expensive.
  • The efficiency of solar panels is weather-dependent.
  • Solar panels need a lot of space.
  • Slightly associated with pollution especially during transportation and installation because of the greenhouse gases emitted.
  • Batteries used to store solar energy are also expensive.


Harnessing the gravitational force of flowing water and converting it to electricity — that’s what hydropower is all about. Electricity is produced using a downwards flow of water from higher ground.

Interestingly enough, hydropower was called ‘white coal’ due to the massive amount of energy it can produce on top of a seemingly infinite source. In fact, it is one of the oldest and cheapest methods of generating power.

The British Hydropower Association states that this energy source currently produces 17% of the world’s electricity. In addition to that, hydropower accounts for 90% of the world’s renewable energy sources.

But like anything else, hydropower has its pros and cons.


  • Clean and safe.
  • Cost-effective in the long run despite the high initial investment.
  • Flexible as hydro plants can be scaled up and down quickly depending on the energy demands.
  • Suited for industrial applications.
  • Contributes to the economic growth of remote areas


  • Contributes to methane emissions due to plants rotting in an anaerobic environment in flooded areas.
  • Ecosystem damage, specifically in wetlands. Since turbine gates are often opened intermittently, it affects the natural flow of water. This can have a significant impact on animals and plants living in the area
  • Risk of floods and droughts. Strong water currents may cause flooding and people living in the downstream area can be extremely vulnerable to this. Hydro plants risk cause droughts in the local area.
  • High upfront costs.

Wind Power

Britain has 40% of Europe’s wind resource — that’s enough to power the whole country several times over. Wind energy is clean, free, safe, and it’s something that will never get depleted.

Over the years, the technology has improved so much that both on and offshore wind power is now possible. Modern wind turbines are now able to efficiently and effectively convert wind power to electricity.

The benefits of wind power are obvious but here’s a more detailed breakdown of its pros and cons.


  • Environmentally friendly
  • Wind power can provide electricity to areas that are off-grid.
  • Technology is becoming more affordable.
  • Low maintenance and running costs.
  • Building wind turbines creates jobs.


  • The wind can sometimes be inconsistent. While it’s true that it will never run out, there’s always a chance that the wind will die down which affects or halts production.
  • Expensive installation
  • Noise pollution. Although wind energy is environmentally-friendly, a single wind turbine can be heard from hundreds of meters away. Combined with multiple turbines and the result is angry homeowners.
  • It’s a threat to wildlife like birds and bats.


Geothermal energy is the heat that’s generated and stored in the Earth. The most perfect and straightforward example of geothermal energy is hot springs. Nowadays this energy is being harnessed to produce electricity and provide warmth to homes.

Geothermal energy is naturally occurring in the UK. In fact, Southampton city council has been operating a geothermal power station since 1986. This provides heating for different places like the city hall, superstore, the port of Southampton, and the swimming centre.

Not only does it provide heat and electricity, but it also has cooling functions. That’s mainly because of the insulating properties of our planet. A good example is during summer where a geothermal system pulls heat from your house. It carries it to the ‘earth loop’ and deposits it to the cooler part of the earth.


  • Eco-friendly
  • It has heating and cooling functions.
  • It’s free and available almost anywhere.
  • It’s now more affordable.
  • Requires little to no maintenance


  • Although geothermal basins are widely spread, resources vary from region to region. The problem lies in the fact that this type of energy cannot be transported. This means that only those who are near the source can benefit from it.
  • Huge investments are needed to build exploration sites.
  • Can cause minor seismic activity. This happens when high-pressure water is injected into the ground to produce steam.
  • Time-consuming because a lot of research and explorations need to be done first to determine if an area is feasible.


Biomass is organic material that comes from plants and animals. It contains stored energy that comes from the sun through photosynthesis. The chemical energy in biomass is released as heat when it is burned.

Here are some examples of biomass and their uses:

  • Animal manure and human sewage – can be converted to biogas and burned as fuel
  • Food, yard, and wood waste in the garbage – generate electricity in power plants through burning or converted to biogas in landfills.
  • Wood and wood processing wastes – burned to produce electricity and is used to heat buildings as well.
  • Crops and waste materials – burned as fuel or converted to liquid biofuels.


  • Cost effective as most materials are from leftovers from wood.
  • The carbon dioxide that’s emitted during the burning process is equivalent to the amount absorbed when growing trees.
  • It supports local economies.
  • Easy to store and produces small amounts of ash.


  • Wood pellet boilers are expensive.
  • The boilers require frequent maintenance.
  • Storage of biomass fuel needs to be considered carefully. It needs to remain dry. Otherwise, it will not burn efficiently.


Off-grid energy sources are indeed starting to take over in popularity from coals and fossil fuels. It will only be a matter of time before people can become truly free from grid power lines.

There is still a lot of progression to be made in renewable energy, but if what we’ve already achieved is anything to go by, we’re getting closer to greener sources.

Until then, all of us need to look at how we’re consuming energy, and ways we can lessen our environmental footprint in our homes and day to day life by using energy efficiently and wisely.

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

Author Bio

Emma is a part-time property developer who loves sharing how others can make their homes amazing and eco both inside and out on her blog Fixtures and Flowers. You can chat to Emma on Twitter.

Offshore Wind Farms Are Really Booming

Image by diego_torres CC0

Image by diego_torres CC0

Guest post by Sam Brown*

In terms of renewable energy sources, there are a number of options. While solar, biomass, and geothermal technologies are all viable approaches to cleaner energy provision, wind is leading the way in innovation and investment, thanks to new offshore wind farms.

While the investment in renewable energy sources has been declining, particularly due to budget cuts in recent years, wind power is bucking this trend. In 2016, investment in new offshore wind farms grew by a staggering 40%.

This huge investment is made all the more impressive within the current political environment, with the ongoing scepticism and debate around climate change. So why are offshore wind farms booming right now?

The advantages of wind power

Wind farms are an attractive proposition to investors for a number of key reasons. The major plus point for wind, of course, lies in its green credentials as an energy source. Harvesting wind is a clean and effective way of energy generation, making good use of a natural resource that is limitless.

In addition to this headline benefit, wind power has relatively low economic and maintenance costs, and offshore wind farms in particular, are unobtrusive. We have always known about these benefits, however, so why are we seeing a sudden rise in offshore wind farm investment?

As well as the clear positives associated with wind power, there have always been a handful of technological negatives, which have hindered the effectiveness of wind farms in the past. Due to the technology not quite being at a high enough level, setting up offshore wind farms has always been expensive, which inflates the cost of this particular energy source.

In addition to this, traditional fixed turbines can only be installed at a depth of up to 40 metres – meaning they are simply not suitable for many environments. Thanks to advancements in technology, however, this issue is being resolved.

Technological developments

Thanks to amazing new technology, the previous limitations of offshore wind farms are no longer applicable.

Innovative floating turbines use an underwater ballast along with mooring lines to stay upright, meaning wind farms can now be established further from the shore and in deeper water.

While fixed turbines have a limit of 40 metres, these new floating turbines can be deployed at depths of anywhere between 100 to 700 metres.

Alongside this development, manufacturers have also been able to make larger turbines, increasing the amount of energy able to be generated thanks to a higher capacity. The first of these new floating wind farms was successfully set up off the Scottish coastline earlier this year, providing energy for over 20,000 homes.


The success of this initial floating wind farm opens up numerous potential locations that were previously accessible for this type of energy.

New locations, new benefits

With a range of new locations opening up thanks to this technology, wind power suddenly has a host of new benefits to boot.

In addition to greater amounts of energy able to be produced, increased accessibility and availability are major plus points for new offshore wind farms. Placing the turbines offshore also helps to reduce any aesthetic impact of wind farms too.

While the costs of these floating wind farms are high at present due to the infancy of the technology, these are set to fall over time. Thanks to this innovation, alongside increased investment, offshore wind farms are really booming.

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

50 More Ways To Save Energy – Infographic

Intro by Guest Blogger: Maggie Baker*

Energy conservation efforts have made headlines over the last few years, but many people still don’t understand the importance of reducing energy consumption. Why should you make an effort to conserve energy at home? Here are some of the many benefits of living in an energy efficient home:

Lower Utility Bills

Utility companies charge customers based on the amount of energy that they consume during the month. Therefore, people who make an effort to reduce their energy use will spend less on utilities every month. How much can you save? Simply replacing traditional light bulbs with energy efficient bulbs in some of your home’s light fixtures can save you money, and if you sort out uncontrolled air leaks in your home, you’ll save even more!

Comfortable Living

Living in an energy efficient home is more comfortable than living in a home that wastes energy. Why? An energy efficient home that is properly insulated and does not have any air leaks, will be warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. The temperature will also be consistent throughout the house, so there won’t be any rooms that are cooler or hotter than others.

Better For the Environment

Homeowners that live in an energy efficient home are doing their part to protect the environment. Reducing energy consumption allows us to save the world’s dwindling supply of natural resources and cut down on pollution. Lowering greenhouse gas emissions plays a big role in fighting the effects of climate change, which is why it’s so important now more than ever before to embrace an energy efficient lifestyle.

Are you ready to start saving energy? Fortunately, saving energy doesn’t have to be complicated. There are many different simple changes and upgrades that you can make to start saving today. Take a look at this infographic provided by Homeselfe to learn how to get started:

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.



A Guide to UK Solar Panel Grants

Image by Antranias CC0

Image by Antranias CC0

Guest post by Elena*

A quick glance around any neighbourhood in the UK will reveal many homes with solar panels in situ. They don’t work for every homeowner, but if your property has a south-facing roof, or even an east to west facing roof, you could save money on your energy bill and get paid for generating electricity. What’s not to like about that?

If the idea of installing solar panels appeals, here’s what you need to know about solar panel grants in the UK.

Solar Grants

Prior to 2010, the government handed out grants to householders who installed solar power systems. It was part of the low carbon buildings program, which proved very successful. However, these grants were replaced in April 2010 by a new system: a feed-in tariff.

Feed-In Tariffs

These days, the government no longer pays you to have solar panels, but the electricity companies do pay for you for the electricity you generate. Think of a feed-in tariff as an incentive scheme. Not only does the energy company pay you for any electricity you don’t use, but you are also paid for the electricity you do use. Even better, when you are using “free” electricity during the day, you are saving money on your energy bill. It’s a win-win situation.

en-form insights:

The downside is that government feed-in tariffs are no longer as generous as they once were. Solar panels are not as expensive to install, so feed-in tariffs were slashed by 64% in 2015. You can still save money by generating free electricity during the day, but you won’t be paid as much for your output. Homes with an EPC of E or less are not eligible for the full feed-in tariff payment.

Getting paid for the electricity you generate through solar panels used to be seen as a bit of a gold-mine by homeowners, which certainly isn’t the case any more. Nevertheless, so long as your solar panels generate a reasonable amount of electricity, you should enjoy a return on your investment.

Lock in a Good Price

It is worth noting that the feed-in tariff in place when you install your solar panels is locked in for the next 20 years. Right now, it is still cost effective for homeowners to install solar panels, but as time goes on, the government is likely to cut pay outs and, in time, eliminate them altogether.

There is a cap in place on annual feed-in tariff spending, so each quarter, the feed-in tariff is reduced. As time goes on, the potential for earning money from the feed-in tariffs will diminish, but the cost of installation will continue falling, too. Also, since any electricity you use during the day is free, you are always going to save money on your energy bills.

Solar Batteries

One method of making extra savings once the government abolishes a feed-in tariff for solar panels is to invest in a solar panel battery to store excess energy when your panels are not generating. Most homeowners don’t use all the electricity they generate, so it is sold back to the energy company. With a solar panel battery, you can use solar energy as your primary power source and save even more money.

en-form insights:

The installation of PV panels has dropped because of the FiT digression, and batteries are being viewed as they new money-maker. PV installers are asking several thousand pounds for a battery set, as such, it is unlikely to pay for itself for many years. The installers also get a kick back from the National Grid by aggregating all the batteries and controlling them at peak times saving the National Grid from having to pay for stand-by generation. Most householders are lucky if they get a share of this, we have heard that some may get about £60 a year from the battery installer who probably makes a lot more. Homeowners need to be wise when choosing how to invest in solar energy – there are good reasons for having batteries, particularly if there is a high frequency of black outs. When variable tariff electricity pricing comes in (when you pay more at peak times), that will be when batteries are really economically worthwhile.

It is worth doing the sums before you invest in solar panels, and it is probably worth seeking independent advice on such an investment. Homes need to be south-facing to generate sufficient energy and the further south you live, the more profitable solar panels become. Remember that a solar panel installation can also affect the value of your home, and not necessarily in a positive way. But, like all renewable energy, solar power is the future, and if you can’t afford to invest in solar, you could always opt for a free installation, which will still lower your energy bills.

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

About the author:

Elena works for and is used to advising customers on the benefits of solar panels. In a country where the sun is always shining, solar energy is a smart investment and an excellent way to save money on your energy bills.

Top Tips for an Eco-Friendly Christmas

Image by StockSnap CC0

Image by StockSnap CC0

Guest post by Gemma Reeves*

Living an eco-friendly lifestyle does not stop at eating organic food or choosing organic and environmentally-friendly products, you can celebrate special occasions such as Christmas with an eco-friendly outlook  too.

Try these great tips:

1. Use eco-friendly decorations.

Ditch the commercial type of decorations you usually buy from department stores, and start crafting DIY (Do-It-Yourself) decorations.

For Christmas trees, you can either use a real, potted plant or create a minimalist Christmas tree with recycled paper, cardboard or from extra wood and materials that might just be lying around your house. Same thing goes with wreaths – you can create one from real plants and pine cones or with recycled paper.

Upcycle tip: You can even transform old, small toys and figurines into Christmas tree hanging decors using a cord and hook.

2. Prepare and plan a healthy feast.

If you are committed to celebrate an eco-friendly holiday, that means that you should also go for healthy, organic food. If you want to cook meat dishes, choose ethically reared organic-fed, and local if possible as products from intensive farming are known to have a negative effect on the environment.

3. Wrap your gifts with recycled products and materials.

Reusing is one of the best ways to reduce your impact on the environment. Make use of recycled paper and previous year’s wrappings to create presentable gift boxes. You can add some flare to your DIY gift wraps by adding seasonal natural features such as leaves and flowers fixed with some gardening twine.

4. Going on a shopping spree? Don’t forget your tote bag.

Whether you are shopping for gifts or for yourself, try to help save on plastics and boxes by bringing your own shopping bag (eco-friendly bags or tote bags) while you shop.

Did you know? 

“Research in Europe has shown that a paper bag must be used three times to compensate for the larger amount of carbon used in manufacturing and transporting it. 

Likewise a plastic “bag for life” must be used four times, and a cotton bag must be used 131 times.” BBC News

5. Take an Eco-Friendly Holiday

Opt out of the commercialism of Christmas altogether with an eco-friendly break. A staycation has a lower carbon footprint than hopping on a plane, however, if you are keen to expand your horizons, why not give locations such as Mexico or Cyprus a visit… known for  their use of natural resources and strong conservation programmes. You don’t just take in natural, scenic views of the place on these tours, but you also get to learn more about environmental habitats and the efforts involved to preserve them.

Make sure that you choose eco-friendly options when on your holiday too, such as taking public transport, cycling, and travelling by foot instead of taking a car. It may not cancel out your plane journey, but every little bit helps!

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

For more tips on having a more environmentally friendly Christmas check out our 25 Top Tips for a Green Christmas.

Author Bio:

Gemma Reeves is a seasoned writer who enjoys creating helpful articles and interesting stories. She has worked with several clients across different industries such as advertising, online marketing, technology, healthcare, family matters, and more. She is also an aspiring entrepreneur who is engaged in assisting other aspiring entrepreneurs in finding the best office space for their business.

Check out her company here: FindMyWorkspace

How to Reduce Your Home’s Carbon Footprint

Guest post by Dylan Snyder*

Homeowners today have the ability to reduce their carbon footprint with a combination of simple changes, modern tech, and practical green tips. The US’ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines a carbon footprint as “The total amount of greenhouse gases that are emitted into the atmosphere each year by a person, family, building, organisation, or company.”

For homeowners across the globe, their carbon footprint is affected by things such as energy consumption, water usage, and even how much junk mail the household receives. To reduce a home’s carbon footprint, consider several green tips and tactics.

Reduce Energy Consumption from Heating Units

UK Power states that home heating is a large contributor to energy consumption and CO2 emissions, especially given the nature of the climate in the UK. Eliminating air leaks/drafts throughout a home is a good first step for reducing home energy consumption. Seal gaps around doors and windows to stop leaks. Increasing wall and loft insulation also keeps heat in and reduces energy use. UK Power also suggests placing aluminum sheets behind traditional radiators as an tried-and-true method to reflect heat back into the room.

For more tips on saving energy in your home check out these articles!

Switch to Eco-Friendly Light Bulbs

Ditch the old incandescent light bulbs and make the switch to CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) or LEDs (light emitting diodes. Both CFLs and LEDs use up between 25-percent and 80-percent less energy than incandescent lights. In addition, CFLs and LEDs last up to 25 times longer than incandescents.

Use Less Water

The average American family uses approximately 300 gallons of water daily, while in the UK, the average usage for a six person household is about 200 gallons daily. The best ways for homeowners to begin to use less water in an effort to reduce their carbon footprint are:

  • Switch off the taps when brushing teeth
  • Take shorter showers and remember showers use less water than filling the bathtub – unless you use a power shower
  • Opt for energy-efficient, water-saving appliances
  • Use the water-saver features/cycles on dishwashers and clothes washers
  • Switch out old shower heads for energy-saving models
  • Fix leaks

Global Stewards reports that 13.7-percent of all household water is wasted because of leaks. Stopping water leaks not only helps to reduce the  home’s carbon footprint, but it also helps prevent the development of mould.

For more tips on saving water in the home check out:

Ten Top Tips for Saving Water in the Kitchen
Ten Top Tips for Saving Water in the Bathroom
Top Ten Tips for Saving Water in the Garden

Eliminate Junk Mail

Junk mail is not only is annoying, but the energy used to produce each piece contributes to your home’s carbon footprint. Eliminate or at least reduce the household’s junk mail by removing your name(s) from direct mailing lists.

Invest in a Programmable Thermostat and Energy-Saving Appliances

Any products that are designed to save energy, are ideal for homeowners looking to reduce their carbon footprint. These include but are not limited to refrigerators, washing machines, microwaves, and dishwashers. A programmable thermostat is essential, helping to save money each month as well as energy when programmed properly. Actual settings to maximize energy savings will vary by home size and other factors like use of ceiling fans, amount of home insulation, and type and age of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.

Recycle and Reuse

Recycling programs have been in place throughout the world for several decades. Items such as plastic, glass, cardboard, and multiple varieties of paper can be recycled and then used to create other products in an effort to reduce resource consumption. At home, set up easy-to-use recycling bins and then follow your area’s recycling protocols.

Reuse what you can, especially items like plastic carrier bags. Take it one step further and bring your own non-plastic bags for shopping. Avoid “toss-away” items like paper napkins and plates and opt for linens and real plates.

Every homeowner can begin to reduce their carbon footprint with a few simple steps. Every little bit helps – you’ll feel better at the end of the day, and as an added bonus, you may find yourself with some extra savings each month.

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

Why Is It More Important Than Ever To Reduce Global Emissions?

Guest post by Christina Woodard*

A conscious effort is needed by everyone to reduce our impact on the environment. Climate change will be one of the most serious issues facing us over the next few decades, with CO2 one of the key contributors. The negative impacts include:

  • coastal erosion
  • flooding
  • loss and change of habitats
  • drought
  • increased ranges of infectious diseases
  • destruction of coral reefs
  • increased extreme weather events

to name a few.

Reducing deforestation, finding efficient and alternative energy sources that are sustainable and placing limits on current emissions are all key to reducing global emissions. There are already several countries leading the way having 100% of electrical generation from renewables with others rapidly following in their footsteps. Improvements in the UK are already underway, with the contribution of coal to electricity generation down to just 9% in 2016. On April 21st 2017, Britain had its first period of 24 hours with no coal fired generation.

Aware of the threats which face us all, 200 parties signed up to the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015. Unfortunately one country has already pulled out and many are not likely to achieve their pledges. It is also thought that currently only 3 European countries are truly meeting their pledges. Unfortunately, the agreement is non-binding and has no penalties in place for not trying hard enough. The USA ,with 10% of the world’s population but contributing approximately 50% of CO2 emissions, made a decision this month (June 2017) to pull out of the Paris agreement – as they ramped up oil production to 9.1 million barrels a day. Unless these countries can look at the wider picture, it makes it difficult to suggest using or investing in renewable energy sources when there is a cheap energy source available in the form of oil.

2016 was the first time the annual atmospheric carbon levels exceeded 400 parts per million (ppm). This historic event was the globally agreed ‘tipping point’, where, like a glass of red wine spilt on a new white rug, the atmospheric changes would be irreversible. A shocking monthly high of 410 ppm in March 2017 indicates that we are not heading in the right direction.

Global levels for carbon dioxide (CO2) have always naturally fluctuated but the increased level of CO2 caused by humans since the industrial revolution is the main cause of anthropogenic climate change. The 400 ppm levels mentioned above are 25% higher than the levels measured 50 years ago.

Since then, our ever-growing population, with its ever-growing demand for food and energy for homes, vehicles, businesses and cities have resulted in exploitation of our fossil fuels. When coal, oil and natural gas are burned these release high levels of atmospheric carbon. Deforestation by humans for mining, agriculture, ranching, infrastructure and settlements has exacerbated the issue as the earth’s ability to remove carbon dioxide naturally via plant respiration is depleted.

reduce global emissions graph blog jun17








We are already experiencing the effects of climate change. Global atmospheric temperatures and extreme weather events are increasing, climatic and local weather patterns are changing, oceans are warming causing thermal expansion and coastal flooding, frozen water stores are receding or thawing. In permafrost, this is a big problem as trapped methane (a greenhouse gas and big contributor to climate change) is released.

In 2010, Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed that future global warming should be limited to below 2.0 °C relative to the pre-industrial level. This figure was revised to 1.5 °C in the 2015 Paris Agreement but the current trajectory of emissions is not in line with limiting global warming to below 1.5 or even 2 °C. We have already breached the 1°C mark in 2015, and many feel that it would be difficult to maintain a temperature rise below 2.7°C even if the climate pledges were adhered to.

Whilst we can’t reduce the level of atmospheric CO2, in our lifetime at least, we can mitigate the climatic effects by lessening the emissions we each produce. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) stated in 2014 that “Mitigation is a public good; climate change is a case of the tragedy of the commons. Effective climate change mitigation will not be achieved if each agent (individual, institution or country) acts independently in its own selfish interest”. Clearly, the for need mitigating emissions needs to start with all humans, at an individual level, working collectively with other humans to do the same.

But what are our individual emissions? World bank 2013 data cites the US at 16.4 tons per person per year, and the UK and Tanzania at 7.1 and 0.2 tons per person respectively. Researching your carbon footprint based on your own energy use is the first step towards educating how we as individuals can mitigate against climate change. Examples include:

  • Choose energy that comes from renewable sources for your home and/or business
  • Reduce your water usage
  • Reduce, Reuse and Recycle – Reduce food waste for example, buy less or use scraps as compost rather than sending to landfill sites; reuse packaging whenever you can, recycle plastics in particular as they derive from oil, a carbon source.
  • Increase the energy efficiency in your home and place of work; for example, improving insulation, remote heating, energy efficient bulbs and draft excluders.
  • Change from use of gas for cooking and heating to use of electricity ???? (this is only the case if electricity is produced using renewable sources. If using coal powered energy generation it is not as environmentally friendly as using mains gas in the UK.
  • Increasing afforestation by planting more trees and plants.

This isn’t the usual ‘save the planet’ rhetoric. Our planet has been around for 4.5 billion years and has endured hotter and colder periods than in the present day. What is at stake is life on earth as we know it. To preserve both human life and biodiversity, every human must commit to reducing their own greenhouse gas emissions (and not just 180 small countries/states). The Doomsday Clock is an analogy for the likelihood of human-caused global catastrophe, and was largely represented as nuclear war, however, in 2007 climate change was added (nuclear war or climate change beginning seen as the two biggest threats to humanity). It was reset in January 2017 to 2½ minutes to midnight, due to the rise of nationalism, the Trump Administrations view of climate change in the US, and the current nuclear modernisations. The only other time that it has been closer (2 minutes to midnight) was in 1952 when both the US and the Soviet Union tested thermonuclear weapons.

*Please note that the views are that of the author, not necessarily that of en-form.

Author Bio

Christina Woodard is a highly knowledgeable environmental writer who enjoys writing informative posts on climate change, global worming, rising temperatures, and constantly increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere. Apart from sharing the latest information on environmental problems she enjoys reading and traveling.

For more information on all of these issues, the author recommends readers visit Envirodat.

#30 Days Green

This July, we challenge you to go green or at least a bit greener!

Admittedly we have stolen this idea from the Wildlife Trusts 30 Days of Wild but good ideas need sharing.

Its a very simple idea. Can you do something green every day throughout July? That’s 30 simple, fun and exciting (OK so some of them wont be that exciting) Random Acts of Greeness. We know. There are 31 days in July but you can have a rest on the 31st and reflect on all your good and positive actions and bask in your feelings of satisfaction.

What is a Random Act of Greeness?

A Random Act of Greeness is about implementing some easy, small changes to your lifestyle to help make the world a slightly better place at the end of the month. All you need to do is to take a simple, small Random Act of Greeness everyday in July for 30 days. You can have a rest on the 31st day and reflect on your achievements safe in the knowledge you have made the world a slightly better place.

You can use our ideas as inspiration (bear with us, we haven’t thought of 30 yet) or better still get creative and use your own. Please let us know your ideas so that we can share them.

Take the #30DaysGreen Challenge with en-form!

Keep up to date with our ideas and help us by making up your own simple, easy, green, eco friendly Random Acts of Greeness to inspire you and others throughout July (and beyond). Share them with us by leaving your ideas in the comments box and on our Facebook page using #30DaysGreen.